Cataracts are very disruptive to your vision, and it is important to come in to Cornea Consultants of Albany if you think you may be starting to form them.
Cataracts will develop for nearly everyone at some point, but their onset may be hard to notice. The lens will become cloudy very gradually, so you may not even notice that your vision is declining at first. This is why it’s important to always keep regular eye appointments. The lens will grow cloudier and cloudier, and eventually the aged lens will not allow enough light into your eye for you to be able to see clearly.
With cataracts you can expect the following symptoms:
- Foggy, hazy or blurry vision
- Colors appear dull or yellowish
- Problems with glare from indoor lighting or the sun
- Frequent changes in your eyeglass or contact lens prescription
- Your night vision has decreased or you begin to see halos around headlights on cars or lamp posts
- Increased sensitivity to light and glares
- Double vision in one eye
There are different types of cataracts, and they have their own specific symptoms because of how they are formed:
- Nuclear Cataracts: This type of cataract forms deep in the lens, and is typically associated with aging. At the initial onset of nuclear cataracts, there may be an improvement in vision, known as “second sight,” for a brief period of time. This second sight is short lived and your vision will unfortunately worsen as the cataract progresses.
- Subcapsular Cataracts: People with diabetes, or people who take high doses of steroid medication, are especially susceptible to subcapsular cataracts. These cataracts develop at the back of the lens, and are generally unnoticeable until they are very far along in their development.
- Cortical Cataracts: These cataracts as white, wedge-like obscurities on the edges of the lens that work their way toward the middle of the lens. Cortical cataracts form on the lens cortex, which surrounds the central nucleus of the lens. Pay extra attention to the peripheries of the lens to catch this kind of cataract.